This article is about paying attention how to improve preschool education and studying of the most advanced foreign experience. Here is given types of speaking communicative activities and how to use them in teaching young learners.
Key words: healthy gene pool, outlook, communicative competence, spirit of love for the Motherland, the goals
В данной статье рассматриваются вопросы использования опыта мировых педагогических технологий в системе дошкольного образования. Также в статье приводятся примеры использования различных упражнений дидактического характера для обучения устной речи детей дошкольных учреждений.
Ключевые слова: мировой опыт, педагогические технологии, система дошкольного образования, дидактические упражнения.
If the child is not learning the way you are teaching, then you must teach in the way the child learns.
In general, kindergartens have become institutions in which children are looked after while their parents are at work. Preschool education is the primary and most important link in the education system. Formation of a healthy gene pool and qualified personnel begins with this. Great attention is paid to radical improvement of normative legal framework of preschool education. The quality of preschool education is the decisive issue of our tomorrow.
The President of our country Shavkat Mirziyoyev pays special attention to this sphere, which has an important place in ensuring the future of the country and its development. A new system has been created in this sphere in accordance with the Decree of the President of our country “On measures of radical improvement of management of preschool education system” and the Resolution “On organization of activities of the Ministry of Preschool Education of the Republic of Uzbekistan” of September 30 of this year .
President Shavkat Mirziyoyev focused on issues of radical improvement of activities of preschool educational institutions, studying of the most advanced foreign experience, creation of a modern system.
The task of the kindergarten, therefore, is to provide a safe and stable environment, an atmosphere which understand, accept and support the child's feelings. Language teaching in Uzbekistan is based on the idea that the goal of language acquisition is communicative competence: the ability to use the language correctly and appropriately to accomplish communication goals.
It is unanimously accepted that speaking activity is the most difficult task among the four study skills in a foreign language.
Learning another language must be as close to a natural way of learning mother tongue as possible. More than that learning a foreign language in kindergarten is very different from the rest of schooling because during this period children will learn the language without learning ABC, reading or writing.
Children will learn the language through actions, role plays, listening to stories, songs, poems and various language games. Multi-media technologies play a very important role in achieving the goals.
Teachers need to be purposeful, enthusiastic, and engaging in their daily interactions and learning experiences (Assel, Landry, Swank, & Gunnewig, 2007) with the children in their classroom in order to help build a strong foundation in oral language and other emergent literacy skills . Teachers are focused when they set clear learning goals for the children. Children who develop strong oral language skills during the preschool years develop a strong foundation vital for their later achievements in reading, especially reading comprehension (Storch & Whitehurst, 2002) .
We can help our children learn to speak by using interesting activities.
Activity 1. Look and say the number.
Objective: to introduce the new vocabulary
Teacher puts the individual flashcards of vegetables (tomato, onion, potato, carrot, cabbage, eggplant) on the blackboard in two rows. Each vegetable has a number above it.
Teacher asks the children to repeat both the phrases and vegetables separately in chorus and individually.
What is number 1? It’s a tomato.
What is number 2? It’s an onion.
What is number 3? It’s a potato.
What is number 4? It’s a carrot.
What is number 5? It’s a cabbage.
What is number 6? It’s an eggplant. It’s a vegetable.
Activity 2. Play “What’s This? Tomato.”
Objective: to consolidate the new vocabulary
Teacher divides the class into two teams. Teacher explains that you will show the first team a picture (for example, a tomato) and asks “What’s this?” They should say only one word as an answer: “Tomato”. If they answer incorrectly or think too much, you will command: “Throw rotten vegetables”. The second team show how they “throw their rotten vegetables” as snowballs. The first team has no right to respond back. They only cover their heads with their hands. If the first team quickly say the vegetable, they “throw their rotten vegetables” to the second team. Then the second team play in the same manner.
Activity 3. Play “Number 1. It’s a Carrot.”
Objective: to consolidate the new vocabulary
Teacher divides the class into small groups. Teacher explains that a pupil must ask other pupils in his/her group the questions as they did in Activity 1. The rest will answer. Then another pupil asks, etc.
For example: — (What is number) 1?
– It’s a carrot.
– (What is number) 2?
– It’s a …
- The Decree “On measures of fundamental improvement of the management system of preschool education” and the resolution “On organization of activities of the Ministry of Preschool Education of the Republic of Uzbekistan”. September 30, 2017
- Assel, M. A., Landry, S. H., Swank, P. R., & Gunnewig, S. (2007). An evaluation of curriculum, setting, and mentoring on the performance of children enrolled in pre-kindergarten. Reading and Writing, 20, 463–494
- Storch, S.A. & Whitehurst, G.J. 2002. Oral language and Code-related precursors to reading: evidence from a longitudinal structural model. Developmental psychology 38 (6): 4–47.U. S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2015)
- Kid’s English Pupil’s work book S.Xan, L.Jurayev, O.Maxsudova, K.Inogomova Toshkent “O’zbekiston”2013