Alphabet of Latin language | Статья в журнале «Молодой ученый»

Отправьте статью сегодня! Журнал выйдет 5 февраля, печатный экземпляр отправим 9 февраля.

Опубликовать статью в журнале

Авторы: ,

Рубрика: Филология, лингвистика

Опубликовано в Молодой учёный №52 (394) декабрь 2021 г.

Дата публикации: 23.12.2021

Статья просмотрена: 1 раз

Библиографическое описание:

Джалилова, З. О. Alphabet of Latin language / З. О. Джалилова, А. Г. Шарипов. — Текст : непосредственный // Молодой ученый. — 2021. — № 52 (394). — С. 338-339. — URL: https://moluch.ru/archive/394/86916/ (дата обращения: 28.01.2022).



An overview of the alphabet of the Latin language is examined in this article, which includes examples. The authors investigate the issue of history and the changes that were made in the past. The scope of the Latin language in our time continues to be very wide and significant. In the present day and age, the Latin language has a very broad and substantial extent.

Keywords: Etruscans, Ligurs, Celts, Cuman script, Latin alphabet, 26-letter.

The Latin language belongs to the Latin-Faliscan subgroup of Italic languages (languages of tribes that have lived on the territory of the Appennine Peninsula since the beginning of the 1st millennium BC, except for the Etruscans, Ligurs, Celts and Greeks). The Indo-European language family, in turn, includes the Italic languages. Latin was originally the language of a small tribe of Latins who resided in the heart of the Appennine Peninsula.

Latin is gradually being reinstated as a secondary school academic subject. It is an element of the curriculum in schools and gymnasiums.

The following are some of the current areas where Classical Latin is used.

  1. It is still the predominant language of the Catholic Church and the official language of the Vatican (along with Italian). The bulk of Catholic liturgies are still held in Latin.
  2. The second most common language is medical terminology.
  3. The jargon of biology.
  4. All scientific terminology is built on this basis.
  5. How did you come up with the new vocabulary? When it comes to naming a phenomenon, the Latin language is the first place they seek.

As a result, philologists, historians, lawyers, and anybody else with a basic education still need to know Latin. Ancient languages are still the bedrock of good education.

In the modern world, the Latin alphabet (or Latin alphabet) is the most widely used alphabetic writing system. It was derived from the Cuman script, a Western variant of the Greek alphabet that was taken and modified by the Etruscans, whose culture predated that of the Romans on the Apennine Peninsula and had a significant influence on the Romans. The Greek alphabet had an important role in the development of modern Latin. It's worth noting that the Etruscan alphabet was inspired in part by Western Greek. Direct borrowing from Greek into Latin, on the other hand, happened later, when the Romans, in their typical way, gained a complete knowledge of Greek culture. Appius Claudius Caecus established discrepancies in the notation of the letters «r«and «s«in order to become a censor in 312 BC, and deleted the letter «z», and the sound signified by this letter was replaced by [p]. The law of rotationism, one of the fundamental principles of phonetics in the Latin language, is inextricably linked with this occurrence.

Following the elimination of the letter «z», the traditional Latin alphabet consists of 20 letters. There were no letters in the Latin language to represent Greek names or names that featured sounds that were not characteristic of Roman phonetics, so Greek letters were also translated into the Latin alphabet. This is where the letters «x», «y», and «z«come from.

In the VII century BC, they presumably borrowed the Etruscan alphabet, which had 26 letters, leaving 21 letters:

A

B

C

D

E

F

Z

H

I

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

V

X

The letter «z» was borrowed again in the first century BC, along with the letter «y». In addition, the letter «g» was recognized for the first time, Spurius Carvilius Ruga is said to have been the first to use it in 235 BC, but it was not included in the alphabet at the time. The letter c was used to represent the sounds [k] and [g]. In 234 BC, the letter g was formed by adding a transverse dash to the letter c . Following the Roman conquest of Greece in the first century BC, the Latin alphabet for writing words borrowed from the Greek language was supplemented with the Greek letters y and z . As a result, the classical Latin alphabet (period) had 23 letters:

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

V

X

Y

Z

The matter with the letters i j and v u was overcome much later. Both spellings had previously been used in writing to signify two pairs of sounds, but it was unclear which of the two spellings corresponded to which sound. The first couple separated apart in the 16th century AD, while the second pair split up in the 18th century. The letter w was added to the Latin alphabet in the Middle Ages to represent sounds from Germanic languages that did not exist in mediaeval Latin (the digraph vv was originally used). They developed a differentiation and began to interpret the letters i and u as vowels and a , j and v as consonants throughout the Renaissance era. The result is a 26-letter modern Latin alphabet.

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

U

V

W

X

Y

Z

This alphabet is now used by the majority of the world's peoples. It should be noted, however, that the ancient Latin alphabet employed in Ancient Rome differed from the present Latin alphabet in some ways.

However, the Latin language has survived in its purest form, albeit not as a spoken language of a specific group of people, but as the language of a strong and vast worldwide institution — the Catholic Church. It eventually became the global language of not just religion, but also science, law, and medicine.

References:

  1. Filimonova, G. V. Latin language is an «immortal» part of world culture / G. V. Filimonova, A. M. Melnikova. — // Culturology and art criticism: materials of the I International Scientific Conference (Perm, April 2015). — Perm: Zebra, 2015. — pp. 1–6. — URL: https://moluch.ru/conf/artcult/archive/155/7824 / (accessed: 11/24/2021).
  2. Intercultural communication and the latin language/ Djalilova Z. O.
  3. Humboldt V. On the difference in the structure of human languages and its influence on the spiritual development of mankind // Humboldt V. Selected works on linguistics. — M., 1984. — pp. 3–298.
  4. Samatova E. K. Latin language: a textbook / E. K. Samatova; Ural. human. in-t. — Yekaterinburg: UrGI, 2006. — 90 p.
  5. The Latin language and the basics of medical terminology: textbook., A. Z. Tsisyk, E. S. Shvayko, — M.: Medicine, 2009, pp. 9–10.
  6. Stroh, W. O Latinitas! Erfahrungen mit lebendigem Latein und ein Rьckblick auf zehn Jahre Sodalitas / W. Stroh // Gymnasium. — 1997. — 104. — P. 271–290.
  7. Burke, P. Heu domine, adsunt Turcae! AbriЯ einer Sozialgeschichte des postmittelalterlichen Lateins / P.Burke // Verf., Kchenlatein. — 1989. — S. 31–59.
  8. Borovskij, Ja. M. Latinskij jazyk kak mezhdunarodnyj jazyk nauki // Problemy mezhdunarodnogo vspomogatel'nogo jazyka. M., 2001. 120 s.
  9. Chernyavskij M. N. Latinskij yazyk i osnovy medicinskoj terminologii: Uchebnik. Moskva: Medicina, 2002.
  10. Boldyreva O. N. Net puti v medicine bez latinskogo yazyka (Non est viainmedicina sine lingua Latina).
  11. Zarnigor Obidovna Djalilova Studies on gender linguistics in the field of Uzbek language // Academic research in educational sciences. 2021. № 3. URL: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/studies-on-gender-linguistics-in-the-field-of-uzbek-language (дата обращения: 15.12.2021).
  12. Djalilova Zarnigor Obidovna. (2021). Comparative Analysis Of Uzbek Men’s And Women’s Speech Through The Prism Of Gender Linguistics. Central Asian Journal of Literature, Philosophy and Culture, 2(2), 22–26. https://doi.org/10.47494/cajlpc.v2i2.65
  13. Djalilova Zarnigor Obidovna, & Sadullaev Denis. (2021). Formulas of speech etiquette in a gender-engineered communication strategy. Central Asian Journal of Theoretical & Applied Sciences, 2(6), 5–11. Retrieved from http://cajotas.centralasianstudies.org/index.php/CAJOTAS/article/view/180
Основные термины (генерируются автоматически): URL, CAJOTAS, VII.


Ключевые слова

Etruscans, Ligurs, Celts, Cuman script, Latin alphabet, 26-letter
Задать вопрос