The potency of ethnocultural values in pragmatics of literary discourse (on the basis of the works of classical writer G.Musrepov)
Исаева Ж. А. The potency of ethnocultural values in pragmatics of literary discourse (on the basis of the works of classical writer G.Musrepov) // Молодой ученый. 2013. №11.1. С. 41-44.
The language has great place in the row of values that characterize the nationality of nation. «The own nature of nation and nature is cognized first of all through language and its linguistic consciousness among the world culture» [1, 120]. The history of Kazakh language that has been the heritage of yesterday's old history had been appended and it carries out an activity of mechanism keeping its unity and integrity of the nation at present while our language has been renovating. The internal rich possibilities formed to the structural structure of the language give possibility to realize the national thinking processes and a number of social relations formed in its world picture. The nature of literary discourse that is considered as special aesthetic code having literary feature in the layers of discursive layers needs special research. The special code that does not obey to time between an artist and reader –is the aesthetic relation that is formed to the communication by literary work (literary text). It differs from the sides, different colour, material «magic» environment characteristic to it, the world of personage, the method of giving, the way of formation, literary idea of an artist as the «aesthetic value in second place» [2, 104]. The main attention had been paid to the composition of literary text, mastership of giving the linguistic-literary peculiarities, the image of an author in linguostylistic researches until recent years.
In common, the belles-lettres does inherent, cognitive, aesthetic, idealistic and educational action. Or speaking with one word, inherent-cognitive, aesthetic-idealistic action. The concrete literary work is specialized with the internal harmony of these actions, deepness of content stratum, non-recurred stylistic style.
The artistic composition that is changed to high aesthetic value can comprehend into the deepness of the fate, personality of man; opens the whirlpools of the private character of the man; cognizes the regularities of the development and living of whole society. Such kind of works "bring again" to life by opening the unknown sides of familiar world that is close to each of us. From this point, the event of literary work goes to the movement not through the freedom of an author, goes through the natural regularity of truth life.
The meaningful form of the work that having high aesthetic value can be two layered (or two layer): top or «superficial» layer is the picture of the society that an addressee lives and would be accepted without any preparation by the reader. And behind it secret «bottom» layer formed to the truth taken from the pages of modern life and past history. The bottom layer shows the peculiarity as functional style of belles-lettres. There the linguistic image of an author and literary-aesthetic idea considered in close relation with each other should be told.
The main objective of the stylistics of literary word – is to increase the aesthetic culture of the word. Vital experience, impressions that bring the soul of the writer to different situation arouse the inspiration of an artist: because the heart of an artist that does not look at any phenomenon (event) passes the truth of life through his heart, estimates, and renews in his internal world. This action that is in intuitive form does not give any peace to the dream of the writer in definite time, finds out any form. The special literary idea chooses this form unfamiliar except an artist. The literary idea defines the feature of the meaning. The literary meaning is«close» to plot composition made by the writer, the internal thought added intellect, that was approved by experience.
Any literary work - at first the word(it was given by plait or beautiful melody or by a word, or given by dance) – the word, that is dedicated to the addressee (to the listener, to the reader, to the spectator).
As any word it has own idea, purpose that would like to realize or the information of the subject telling to the sender. An art – is the communication means of having own peculiarities. The work made by an artist comprises the definite aesthetic communication field and sphere between the user and author. The main indicator (sign) of this field is defined with its idealistic-aesthetic nature. In other word, the idea of changing the work into aesthetic value is understood and estimated by the point of an addressee. There is no straight open relation between an artist and the user of the work of an art. Their relation is erected from the day of the work taken by the sender, through the work of art. Because, the literary work is the «mediator» of interval connection on aesthetic layer [3, 33].
The purpose or the aim of an artist is to pay attention to any phenomenon in truth world through the «second truth world» in the language of the work, to acquaint with the literary truth. This kind of purpose can be formed consciously or unconsciously. Usually, speakers of literary word comprehends the weight of the problem which has been arisen, the influence of this decision to the development, civil responsibility and responsibility before the history and society by it.
An art is communicative. So, it is definite that the relation problem characteristic to the art, the problems of the relation which formed by an artist with the sender through the literary work would be. Basically, an artist searches the ways of putting "the visible idea in soul" outside the world and thinks about the future sender very sufficiently. The image of the sender until the development of literary work is in the consciousness of the writer. While the treatment of the work the writer sees the sender which the literary work has been dedicated, and the sender looks through the work through the weight of eyes, and he thinks how the reader accepts it. The writer thinks to give an idea about the negative relation by the literary work. The image that the writer describes the image before him is the reader’s image: this is the image of the friend and an acceptor. The reader is explained as the definite analogue of the writer, because it is important what kind of reader he is taking into target. «The reader in the dream of an artist can be master and witness. The reader is –the whole human being, nation, fighters of population stratum that having had an objective of century, his nation in the field of different time and space. The discussion with the reader would be the motivation of arising the work of art made in the dream of an artist» [5, 64]. Also, the reader –is private individual, person. The writer thinks through images, «all characteristics of literary content is opened through the movement of the world of images» [4, 80]. In his turn, the reader should think the image to accept the literary world that is made by an artist; he should comprehend not only the external form of the work, also he should comprehend the internal layered stratums. The writer writes the literary work dedicated to the reader would like to see the skill of literary idea from the sender as his one, he believes in the preparation of opening linguistic, historical-cultural, cognitive codes. In this case, the writer does an action of producer, proposer (productive), and an acceptor (receptive) - reader does an action of linguistic personalities.
An artist puts the meaning of his work into the «code» that is unfamiliar to everyone, picturesque world. An objective of an addressee – is to open идеялық –aesthetic values of whole work, by passing through his heart each element of literary world put into the code, types of relation of the system of elements (декодировка).
This action of an addressee has creative characteristic, perception of the work – is united, mutual creative work, because an addressee «regenerates» the work while reading the work silently.
Belles-lettres is the collection of the pages of the book when in hand, and to the real world of life stage comes to the consciousness and finds way to the heart of the reader.
Artistic composition that live with the objective truth life has the main objective content, and this content has private subjective aspects. Analysis of the literary work from the meaningful, linguostylistic point is to come to the point of opening the objective idealistic- aesthetic maintenance.
An addressee in the content of literary work, even the subjective opinion of unknown author to researcher-specialist takes place. Acceptation of the idealistic- aesthetic content that lies deeply in the literary work is straightly related to intellectual and emotional development of the reader, linguistic thesaurus, vital experience. In other word, an addressee on the system not does not decide riddle of "top mathematics" in the system of simple «arithmetic sense». The reason of knowing and unknowing of some historical-cultural, national or social nationally biased units by the reader to open the «code» or decide the riddle of literary work. Archaisms, historical words, foreign words, neologisms and phraseologisms can be met in the line of unfamiliar nationally biased units.
The environment influences on its unrepeated picture and pattern to the dream of the reader, each manufacture and an event of literary work is called the world of denotation. The share for opening the literary truth of each detail there, acceptance of motion of life of each action depend on the literary power of the work.
The one of the basic requirements that is put to the writer is the richness of language, fertility, concreteness. The richness of language brings to the richness of the content of art of the word. The composition that answers the requirement is the content work. The objective of master artist is to find out the necessary word to write on the pages of the paper and changing the truth to picturesque picture. The linguistic unit that is cognized as the necessary word should be an element that give the colorfulness of the picture of an author. The concreteness brings to the exact line. The main differences of literary work from functional styles are in its saturation paint of pictures, living of its world. The determination of " artistic" composition tells about itself, on that way when it is beautiful, impressive would be included in the world of literature. The word artistic here should not give only the word "beautiful, beauty", at first, it should give the concept "imposing". Because, not only positive (beautiful, nice) things should influence on the sense of the man (reader), also negative things influence on them, scientifically, the writer shows their emotional power, using the negative-positive expressions of the words» [6, 31].
And the heartfelt word influencing to the state of the reader should be the picturesque word. In the lines of Abai such as «The sky smiles, thinking of the earth» it is not non-living nature, here the nature breathes, living life is represented: the sky stands simply, it is smiling. Place does not lay quietly, identically "beginning" to think glittering to the action of the sky. Author give a life to the word by picture, and he does not simply give the frankness and warmness of sky. It – figured image, artistic character.
However, the movement of time is altered, and the tradition and requirement of living is thrown away from the collective consciousness, and linguistic realias would be met in ancient stories and legends. The historical words, archaisms, phraseologisms felt as the description of an ethnos, the conclusion of the word is –proverbs, regional dialects, historical words are included here. Each word, each detail that found place –is the literary beauty, gleam of living picture. And the beauty of the word lies on simplicity and naturalness, concreteness and reality. It is possible the usage of one type of method in order to give the word expressively the writer does not go far from the real nature. Because the life is the work of art, an art –is the scheme of life. The sagacity of great nature that comprehended the experience of life enriches the content of literary work, concretizes the scheme of it. Ethnographisms in the language of the works of the great writer of our century G.Musrepov give special gleam and increases the literary power of the works of the writer that should be paid special attention to the usage of them. The problem of national language even in the period of soviet union, the writer lightened the pearl of the word as gold one, selecting from the folklore written orally and unforgotten in the consciousness, from the ancient written works and old man.
There can be two meaning (knowledge) put into the code in definite linguistic sign, according to this there can be two different code. First one is –linguistic code, second one is – cultural code. These two significance should be differentiated while researching the cultural semantics of linguistic signs. The linguistic individual is not only the consumer of national language, also the consumer of national culture. Form this point, it is definite that the culture can be taken part in structural formation of definite linguistic concept. So, in this case, it is necessary to define the cultural significance of the meaning of linguistic sign can be in what part. The culture of the word has great significance to define the feeling of cultural significance of word strategy of the speaker or listener.
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