Key words: English, child, foreign language, end result, type of games, storytelling, game, lesson, student.
Currently, one of the main problems of the modern school is the decline in students' interest in learning. The question arises as to what form of education to use to motivate students to master the educational programme more effectively.
First of all, teachers need to take into account the age-specific psychophysical characteristics, to use a variety of forms of work, given the fact that the interest in the tasks of students disappears after 10–15 minutes, so the methodology of teaching in general education school involves a frequent change of activities in class. All material should be oriented towards different types of perception: voicing, practical action, writing and visual support.
One wonderful method of working is to use the collage in primary school lessons. Using collage technology as a learning tool dramatically enhances the teacher's ability to choose materials and forms of learning activity, making lessons bright and engaging, informative and emotionally rich. An undoubted advantage in such work is the condition that every student, even the weakest and least active in psychological terms, has the opportunity to show their own fantasy and creativity, activity and independence. This technique allows students to familiarize themselves with any thematic material and serves as the most effective form of learning. Besides, this type of work has a great general educational value, as it is aimed at formation of social competence in younger schoolchildren, i.e. ability to act independently, choosing the strategy of their work for development of the sense of responsibility for the final result, ability to speak publicly and make arguments for presentation of the final result.
The collaging technique is designed in such a way that the work can be not only individual, but also paired, group or even frontal. Everything is in the hands of the teacher and the goals he pursues. A collage can be made using TCO, if necessary. The plus of creating collages in traditional form, using paper and stationery, is that at the end of the work, the teacher can decorate the classroom with collages of students, which, instead of boring tables in the textbook, can serve as a great hint and reminder of the rules that they learned in class.
Also very interesting is the method of work such as creative grammar. This method is most often used in Russian and English lessons, as language learning is impossible in isolation, otherwise what is the meaning of such learning? Children understand grammatical phenomena and apply them in the written works only when they start to read texts from positions of the author. The children explain the rules of punctuation based on their own texts, the content of which they describe and experience. The study and creative refraction of these texts is a productive grammar learning. Children at any age love to compose, invent, fantasize, so for many students writing fairy tales is a favorite pastime. Writing fairy tales, essays, letters in Russian and English develops lexical and grammatical knowledge, skills and abilities of all kinds of speech activity, and reading fairy tales is useful at any age, because they bring up in a person kindness, friendliness, love of native culture, help to learn better the traditions of other countries. Pupils, performing tasks in written form, independently find the correct spelling of words in the dictionary, they more consciously remember the spelling, translation and semantic meaning of words, which means that such activities contribute to the development of thinking, memory and attention in children.
To use the watching of cartoons in the lesson and further performance of game tasks to them, performance of songs in English, in 3–4 classes reading fairy tales in English, and the final lesson at the end of the school year can be the staging of fairy tales read by students. Therefore, it is impossible not to mention such creative methods of work as inspiring environment of training and dramatization for inspiration. Such a creative environment inspires not only children, but also teachers. Bright expositions of children's works and small oases of creativity and inspiration rejoice in the look. In a comfortable environment, students can take advantage of the literature offered and a variety of visual aids.
Studying poems with students and playing them out by roles in the classroom allows the teacher to solve two problems at once: to work on the pronunciation of students and to create an atmosphere of relaxation and détente in class. Grammar games are of great interest to children, which allow them to develop their creative activity and create a natural situation for the use of new speech samples containing certain grammatical difficulties. This type of games includes important grammatical material, namely verbs: be, have, may, must, construction there is, temporary verb forms of Indefinite, Continuous, Perfect, subjunctive inclination, indirect speech.
Children especially like phonetic games and exercises. With the help of such games, children learn to read poems loudly and distinctly, and train to pronounce English sounds. In these games, the role of the teacher is particularly important: his own freedom of movement, fantasy, passion should infect students, attract his own charisma.
Dramatization for inspiration. Dramatization is a powerful pedagogical tool that promotes relaxation, provoking positive emotions, lightness and pleasure. It develops learners' imagination, reveals their talents and inspires them with new ideas for further oral and written assignments [1, 4]. Teachers use a variety of dramatizing techniques to help explore characters and their characters, historical events and problem situations. Everyone knows that a child is a great imitator. By imitating, the child is not just a monkey, but acts of real creativity [2, 158–159].
At an English lesson, you can play the game «Put on a doll» on the theme «Clothes», which aims to teach children to understand statements and use them in their own monological statements. So, students make at home a doll model and clothes for it and dress up their dolls in different outfits on the teacher's command, for example: put on the coat, take off the coat, put on the dress, put on... and so on. And do the same thing in pairs, preserving the tone of the teacher. Or you can engage students and play puppet theater / puppet show, the purpose of the lesson is to develop monological and dialogic speech. Children, putting a finger puppet on their hand, play dialogues in pairs or in mini-groups, as well as building a monologue on various topics in everyday situations, on topics «acquaintance», «in the store» and so on.
In the teaching process, a variety of games are widely used as a means, method and technology of teaching. Each game is unique, contains different functions and promotes the development of cognitive activity of students. Each type of game helps to develop the child as a healthy person as well as a healthy personality [3, 7]. So, with the right selection of methods and techniques, you can plan and create effective conditions for normal development and socialization of the child.
- Belyanko, E. A. Dramatization in English language teaching (in Russian) / E. A. Belyanko. — Rostov n/a: Phoenix, 2013. — — 93 с.
- Ибука М. После трех уже поздно. — М.: «Альпина нон-фикшн», 2014. — 223с.
- Krasyuk V. V., Krasiuk N. I. Poems and games in English / comest. Krasiuk V. V., Krasiuk N. I. — 3rd ed. — Rostov n/d: Phoenix, 2015. — — 96 с.