This article is about the actuality of the image of the main heroine the Charlotte Bronte's novel “Jane Eyre”. In this article it is spoken about the features of the image of the relationship and interaction of characters, their influence on the plot development of the text, and also plays an important role in the disclosure of the author's intention.
Key words: considering, the most, popular, works of English literature, not only century, modern, novel, the pseudonym, editor
В этой статье рассказывается об актуальности образа главной героини романа Шарлотты Бронте «Джейн Эйр». В частности, говорится об особенностях изображения отношений и взаимодействия персонажей, их влиянии на развитие сюжета, а также играет важную роль в раскрытии замысла автора.
Ключевые слова: сочинение, наиболее, популярные, произведения английской литературы, не только век, модерн, роман, псевдоним, редактор
The question of the figurative system of artistic works is among the most important for literary criticism. It affects the literary space of the “artistic image” is the most important category of the work, which is the basis of any literary text. The artistic image can be modified in various forms: images, details, landscapes, interior and others. The most important object of reflection of reality is the image of man.
The novel “Jane Eyre” we are considering is one of the most popular and significant works of English literature, not only of the 19th century, but also in modern times. The novel was published in 1847 under the pseudonym Carrer Bell of Smith, Elder and Co., and not surprisingly, was rejected by many publishers until, in August 1847; it was not read by William Williams, editor of Smith, Elder and To. ” Williams, according to the testimony of the writer Elizabeth Gaskell, the first biographer of Charlotte Bronte, was “struck by his originality.” Already on October 19, a record deadline for that time, Charlotte received six author copies. In the novel by Charlotte Bronte “Jane Eyre” combines the features of the autobiographical and social — psychological novel.
The novel “Jane Eyre” was released in 1847 and became the main book of British writer Charlotte Bronte, her calling card. Someone wittily remarked: even those who did not bother to read the novel know about the existence of its heroine — an ordinary-looking governess, who has found happiness after many sorrows. Since the release of the novel, experts have been trying to explain and reconcile his apparent imperfection and fascinating interest in him. It is noted that Charlotte Bronte was the first to make a heroine. They emphasize that Jane Eyre is the first heroine who herself tells her story. They rest on the universal layout of the women's romance: the scenery — even a haunted castle, even Rublevka, even Hollywood. Virginia Woolf once remarked: “Charlotte used all her eloquence, passion and wealth of style to express simple things: “I love ”,“ I hate ”,“ I suffer ” And what else does the reader need? After all, each Jane Eyre is waiting for his Mr. Rochester and hopes to say once: “Reader, I married him.”
The novel is divided into two parts. The first deals with the individual in relation to her spiritual world, questions of morality, good breeding, the status of orphan hood and poverty, women's equality, etc. In the second, telling about the wanderings of Jane Eyre, actual problems are also posed. The theme of social inequality, the plight of the farm laborers, whose children Jane Eyre teaches in the village school, sounds more acutely, gradually realizing that the poor peasants are “the same creatures of flesh and blood as the offspring of the most distinguished surnames”. Writer S. Bronte created a gallery of images that reflect the characteristics of life in England. These images include the main character of the novel “Jane Eyre”. The relevance of the work is to study the features of the image of the main character and the determination of the importance of similar images for literature. In the novel “Jane Eyre” by S. Bronte raised important issues affecting public life. The themes of parenting children and their education, justice and mercy, love and commitment are vividly represented.
Each of the topics affects the formation of the character of the character and the events that occurred in his life. Creating a type of new heroine, the writer set herself the goal — to create an image of a nondescript girl who would be good with her inner qualities, upbringing, education and depth of soul. The writer sought to create an image opposite to the generally accepted literary beauty.
The image of Jane Eyre is presented in a specific social and domestic environment. S. Bronte builds the features of the formation of the character of Jane Eyre since childhood, in order to focus the reader's attention on the specifics of the situations that influenced the image of the girl and her character. The main fear of a little orphan girl is the red room where Miss Reed punished her. The heroine, leading her story, noted: “... I think, until death could not have forgotten the terrible incident in the red room, nothing could soften the memories of that mortal fear that squeezed my heart when Mrs. Reed rejected my hot pleas for forgiveness and for the second time locked me in a dark red room alone with a ghost ”. The heroine was not looking for solace in people: “I always put a doll with me: every human being should love something, and, in the absence of more worthy objects of this feeling, I found joy in attachment to a shabby, cheap doll, more like a small doll. The formation of the character of Jane Eyre was also influenced by the Love wood shelter school. The harsh conditions of the educational institution formed in the heroine a craving for knowledge, diligence and moral conviction of the need to be merciful. Because of this, we can conclude that the image of the main character of the novel “Jane Eyre” is relevant, because the writers paid attention to the type of unattractive girl with positive traits of character.
Thus, the image of Jane Eyre was a new type of young girl for English literature, which was characterized by external simplicity and the depth of the inner world. The image of the main heroine of the novel “Jane Eyre” is relevant because earlier, as well as in modern literature, authors often turned to an image that synthesizes opposing external and internal data.
- An Edition of The Early Writings of Charlotte Brontë, ed. by Christine Alexander, 2 vols. (Oxford: Published for the Shakespeare Head Press by Basil Blackwell, 1986)
- Brontë, Charlotte. Jane Eyre. Household ed. UK: Global Gray, 2014. Print.
- The Letters of Charlotte Brontë, with a Selection of Letters by Family and Friends, ed. by Margaret Smith, 3 vols. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1995)