Forming a healthy lifestyle in physical culture lessons | Статья в журнале «Молодой ученый»

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Библиографическое описание:

Сейдалиева Л. Д., Серебряков В. В., Мусаева У. А. Forming a healthy lifestyle in physical culture lessons // Молодой ученый. — 2019. — №7. — С. 161-163. — URL https://moluch.ru/archive/245/56559/ (дата обращения: 18.06.2019).



Before the republic to market relations significantly influenced the state of physical culture and sports in Uzbekistan. Within the framework of the state policy, positive trends emerged in the development of the system of physical education of young students. However, the conditions created by the state for the proportion of physical education of youth students cannot by themselves ensure a high level of their health. It is necessary to educate young people about taking care of their health and lifestyle from their younger years.

Keywords: physical culture, social practice, biological activity

Relevance. A healthy lifestyle is interpreted by modern authors as a typical set of forms and methods of a person’s daily cultural life, unifying the norms, values, meanings of the activity regulated by them and its results, strengthening the adaptive abilities of the body, contributing to the full performance of educational, social and biological functions. This underlines its inseparable connection with the general culture of the student’s personality, which serves as a criterion for evaluating the way of its existence, the basic value of the level of biological activity, its social practice.

Discussion of experimental studies. For an objective assessment of the changes that should occur as a result of the implementation of the experimental program, the most characteristic general indicators of the attitude of students to the quality of physical education classes were obtained (Table 1).

Table 1

General indicators of the attitude of students to the quality of physical education classes (in%)

Levels of attitude to physical culture

floor

The quality of the educational process in physical education (score)

fem.

Mal.

“5”

“4”

“3”

Low

5,5

4,0

13,4

18,5

21,0

Average

56,2

52,2

43,6

50,2

55,2

Good

14,8

17,8

36,2

26,8

23,8

Tall

23,5

26,0

6,8

4,5

-

The obtained indicators are basically the same in the experimental and control groups. There are no significant differences in the ratio of boys and girls. The same picture is observed in relation to physical education. In other words, this is a kind of standard that could not significantly affect the effectiveness of physical education in these groups.

At the same time, the analysis of the opinions of the students forced me to pay attention to the fact that a significant part of the students do not show an interested attitude to physical culture. In some, it is “medium”, which indicates a turnout for classes without a pronounced desire, in others — “low”, i.e. about participating in classes without desire. This circumstance prompted us to find out the reasons that give rise to different attitudes towards physical education.

As the given data testify (Table 2), different reasons influence the level of pupils' attitude towards physical education classes: some have an interest in physical culture in general, others have its absence. The difference between those and others ranges from 36.6 to 9.5 %. It is noteworthy that those who have a low rate are dominated by references to other aspects of the problem, in particular, to their state of health. However, all involved belong to the so-called «primary medical group». Consequently, such a link most often, apparently, has no objective grounds.

Table 2

The reasons for the different levels of students' attitude to physical culture (% of the total number of respondents)

The reasons that determine the attitude of students to physical culture

Relationship level

low

satisfaction

good

tall

1.

Interest in physical education in general

8,5

22,4

32,5

36,6

2.

State of material and technical base Health status

16,2

23,5

29,6

30,7

3.

State of material and technical base Health status

33,4

32,1

22,3

15,2

4.

Low quality of training and sporting events

20,1

22,4

27,9

29,6

5.

Lack of sports and methodical literature

7,5

25,5

30,2

36,8

6.

Insufficient theoretical knowledge in the field of physical culture

42,6

25,7

22,2

9,5

Findings.

  1. It was determined that physical culture as a whole and each person individually is a basic condition for the formation and implementation of a healthy lifestyle, which in turn is not only the basis of good health and good mood, but also a way to improve the nation.
  2. It is revealed on the basis of the analysis of literary sources that the health of the population depends on 40–50 % of the lifestyle. Hence, the lifestyle is the basis of maintaining and improving health.
  3. It is noted that the existing traditional system of physical education of students is not considered as a health system and therefore does not form healthy lifestyle habits and does not teach methods of maintaining and improving health.


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