В этой статье рассматривается роль определенных качеств личности, ранее несущественных для жизни в обществе, таких как способность быстро ориентироваться в меняющемся мире, осваивать новые профессии и области знаний, способность находить общий язык с людьми различные профессии, культуры
Ключевые слова: компетентность, требования, образования, личность
Today, the role of certain qualities of a personality, previously unessential for life in society has grown, such as: the ability to quickly navigate in a changing world, to master new professions and fields of knowledge, the ability to find a common language with people of various professions, cultures, etc. These qualities have taken the name of “key competencies”.
Competence is a general ability, based on knowledge, experience, inclinations that are acquired through training. The purpose of the competence is to help the child to adapt in the social world.
What requirements, in your opinion, should the educational space of the lesson, school correspond to, so that the student can master key competences?
Mastering the key competencies by school students is possible if a number of requirements are met:
1. Didactic requirements
Clear formation of educational tasks
Determining the optimal content of the lesson
Forecasting the level of learning scientific knowledge by students
Implement all the didactic principles in the lesson.
2. Psychological requirements
Peculiarities of teacher self-organization
Organization of cognitive activity
Organization of students
Accounting of age features
3. Requirements for the technique of the lesson
The lesson should be emotional
Themes and rhythm of the lesson should be optimal
Full integration of the teacher and students.
Atmosphere of goodwill and active creative work.
The lessons of a foreign language are a fertile ground for the formation of a value-semantic competence, because, using language as a means, we study the surrounding world in all its manifestations. Students master it, participating in moral conversations, in situations of moral choice of actions, analyzing texts for reading and listening. The development of this competence occurs both in the classroom, and in extracurricular activities. The technology of cooperation, the design methodology, to a greater extent, allows to provide a mechanism for self-determination of the student in the situations of educational and other activities. The development of general-cultural competence occurs due to the study of the features of national and universal culture, the spiritual and moral foundations of human life, the cultural foundations of family, social phenomena and traditions. The main source of development of this competence is information-communication and design-research technologies that help to receive and work out the maximum amount of information in the learning process. Information competence provides skills of the student’s activity in relation to information contained in educational subjects and educational fields, as well as in the surrounding world. Learning a foreign language provides enough opportunities for the formation of this competence. Practice shows that information-communication technologies contribute to the individualization of learning and intensification of independent work of students, and to the increase of cognitive activity and motivation.
The design and research activities of students, the use of ICT and the use of health-saving technologies make it possible to form a healthy and harmoniously developed personality. Dynamic pauses and musical accompaniment are provided by the application of health-saving technologies. Thus, the formation of communicative competence in teaching a foreign language is a paramount and fundamental task. Having a communicative competence, the student must:
‒ be able to introduce himself verbally and in written form, write a questionnaire, a statement, a resume, a letter, a congratulation;
‒ be able to represent his class, school, country in situations of intercultural communication, in the mode of dialogue of cultures;
‒ possess ways to interact with surrounding and remote people and events; be able to ask a question, correctly conduct an educational dialogue;
Recently, I actively use the advantages of project activity as the basis for the formation of key competencies of students. The research and project activity of students is an innovative educational technology and serves as a means of solving the problems of upbringing, education, personality development in the modern society, translating norms and values of the scientific community into the educational system.
In conclusion, I would like to say that the modern development of society, economy and education calls for the development of mechanisms for the formation of human of the 21st century — a person who is capable of analysing the current situation, actively participating in sociocultural activities, independently and responsibly making decisions under constantly changing conditions.
- Hymes, Dell H. (1972). “On communicative competence”. In Pride, J.B.; Holmes, J. Sociolinguistics: selected readings. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
- Halliday, M. A. K. (2002). Language Structure and Language Function. On Grammar: Continuum, 284.
- V. V. Safonova. (2004). Communicative competence: modern approaches to a multilevel description for methodological purposes. — M.: Research Center.