In today’s blistering and expeditiously changing world acquiring several languages and being able to utilize them spontaneously in the fields of international, cultural, educational and financial relationships reached tremendous importance for all humankind. It is undeniable fact that choosing a felicitous and pertinent Method is an indisputable key that provides intensive outcome in the process of language learning. Therefore, the problem “What method is the best for achieving profitable knowledge” is making think linguistics and scholars deeply throughout the world. We are living in the century of technology and IT innovation. The life is proliferating at the speed of light, today almost all doors of opportunities are opened in all spheres, especially in education. Linguistics and teachers continuously have been innovating quite new ways of teaching EFL learners and have been analyzing their consequences, outcomes and results for centuries. The following article will provide precious information about Project Based Learning (PBL) as well as it highlights its benefits for EFL students and teachers during the process.
Project-based learning is a modern method of teaching through which learners obtain substantial knowledge about particular subject and develop their core skills with the help of dynamic and energetic activities that deliberated to investigate an appropriate respond for authentic and problematic contests or challenges for a protracted period of time. Project-based learning (PBL) is a student-centered pedagogy that involves a dynamic classroom approach in which it is believed that students acquire a deeper knowledge through active exploration of real-world challenges and problems . This way of teaching can be regarded as a functional and operating style of teaching and it contributes sophisticated and effortless training lessons to both teachers and students. This method enables students to prepare multicolored projects independently. Projects are based on students’ interest and ambition, devoting to enhance learners’ competence of critical thinking, revealing suitable solution for problems as well as it highly inspires students to work in collaboration and permits them to create self-management atmosphere. Most prominently, students are given a chance to make decisions about what to perform, how to perform, what to create which means their voices and choices are always taken into consideration. They can negotiate problematic circumstances in order to discover applicable clarification and solution to this issue. Apart from this student share their thoughts, feedbacks about presentations; project works which leads pure evaluation.
Students come to the center of the lesson, they are enormously motivated to communicate and cooperate with each other. One of the priceless values of the approach is equally involvement of extravert and even introvert students for participation. It is indisputable fact that mixed-ability students induce having controversial challenge for teachers. Students’ inhibition and fear of making mistakes serve as a formidable obstacle to progress. By implementing this method teacher can break such kind of knots. Teachers get preferable benefit through structuring the strategies of PBL in a class. Furthermore, students have an opportunity to demonstrate their extra abilities of drawing, decorating and role playing. Most essentially, this teaching way is intended to ameliorate students’ capableness of leadership, because students take themselves all responsibility of preparation as a constructivist. Overall, different types of instructions are included in PBL, where students are required to work together for accomplishing given task within small groups. While performing they have to explain certain subject and create colorful activities related to the topic. In most cases students are given case studies which students should discuss and figure out its results. If students obtain success in solving this very problem, they have to state their solution in a practical way in front of other group mates. By observing real influence of possibility students get encouragement for studying the target language.
The scientist John Dewey emphasized that Project-based learning is a method in which learners capture knowledge by doing, by acting. In his book named My Pedagogical Creed he shared his opinion about teachers’ role. According to him: «The teacher is not in the school to impose certain ideas or to form certain habits in the child, but is there as a member of the community to select the influences which shall affect the child and to assist him in properly responding to these.......I believe, therefore, in the so-called expressive or constructive activities as the center of correlation . As he mentioned above, teacher is not a person who either delivers information to the pupils or controls and judges students’ errors as a commander of the lesson. Instead s/he is a counselor who facilitates creating friendly atmosphere among students. Actually, learners are eager to take part in several project works with their teenagers that make them get higher scores. Learners’ mistakes are not corrected immediately so that preventing them from being discouraged to speak.
The main facility of the projects comprises miscellaneous assortment of photos, videos, pictures, drawings, posters and even three-dimensional reproductions which makes lesson more interesting and more attractive and stimulating for learners. This method can be utilized for all level students depending on chosen topic according to standard schedule that confirmed by the authority. Actually, this approach aids to enhance all four skills equally.
To put into nutshell, I definitely believe that for arranging fruitful and productive lesson PBL must be structured in order to upgrade students’ skills in language learning process.
- Project-Based Learning, Edutopia, March 14, 2016. Retrieved 2016–03–15
- John Dewey, Education and Experience, 1938/1997. New York. Touchstone