Библиографическое описание:

Мутанова Д. Ю., Беркимбаев К. М., Ауезов Б. Н. Culture and communication // Молодой ученый. — 2017. — №13. — С. 660-660. — URL https://moluch.ru/archive/147/41233/ (дата обращения: 19.03.2018).

This article deals with origin of the terms of culture and communication and their association, the essential meaning of relationship between communication and culture, analysis of modern researches on the problem of communicative culture including the importance of formation of communicative culture in the educational process of higher educational institutions.

Key words: culture, communication, interaction, verbal and non — verbal communication, human and social communication, communicativeness, communicative culture, higher educational institutions

В данной статье рассматривается вопрос о происхождении терминов культуры и общения и их соединения, о связи между существенном значении коммуникацией и культурой, анализы современных исследований по проблеме коммуникативной культуры, в том числе о важности формирования коммуникативной культуры в образовательном процессе высших образовательных учреждениях.

Ключевые слова: культура, коммуникация, взаимодействие, вербальное и невербальное общение, человеческая и социальная коммуникация, коммуникативность, коммуникативная культура, высшие учебные заведения

Nowadays in the condition of the entry into the world globalization, special attention is given to improve the quality of training future teachers. From this point of view the president of Kazakhstan N. A. Nazarbayev in his message on the theme of the development program of the country until 2050 «New decade — new economic growth — new opportunities» [1], planned to ensure access to the quality of education. The quality of higher education must meet the highest international requirements. Higher educational institutions of the country should enter into the ratings of leading universities of the world», — stressed the head of state. Therefore, the need of revision of improving the quality of educational process in higher educational establishments and requirements arises.

Communication and culture in the educational process of higher educational institutions is important because of the current tendency of states relationship and interaction on different levels, complication of socio — cultural contacts of people, which happens in the circumstances of globalization and international integration and determine the necessity to train highly skilled competitive specialists who would meet the international standards and be ready for intensive activity and cooperation. So let’s define these terms at first.

The term culture is widely implied in academic as sell as everyday speech directing to various understandings and concepts. While this term originally roots from ancient Roman and Greek cultures it has different dimensions nowadays built from various uses and needs of each field, be it sociology, anthropology and communication studies.

The concept cultura (Latin) — «processing», «agriculture», «cultivation», appeared in ancient Rome. The meaning of concept had been changed over time, giving way to another, connected with personal advantages and perfection of the person. To the middle of the 60th years of the XX century in the widespread researches there was a definition of culture as “sets of the material and cultural wealth” characterizing historically reached step in development of society.

Culture is a system of values, vital representations, examples of behavior, norms, set of ways and methods of human activity, objected in subject, material carriers (means of labor, signs) and transferred to the subsequent generations. It includes non — material culture — the abstractions created by the person, such as values, beliefs, symbols, norms, customs and the established principles, and material culture — physical artifacts or subjects — stone axes, computers, loincloths, tuxedos, cars, pictures, hammocks and indoor stadiums. Culture is the basis allowing people to interpret the experience and to direct the actions while society represents networks of the social relations arising between people. Culture is that allocates human society from animals. Culture is the environment which is artificially created by means of language, thinking and symbolical values.

The definition of culture borders on understanding it as a creative process. For these researchers, culture is, first and foremost, the creative ability, the very essence of the human. Pedagogical culture should be considered as a specific form of creative assimilating of all the components of educational activities. This being so, it makes the evaluation of the “newness” of programs and projects especially important. The activity- based approach to culture defines it as a sum total of all the means of transforming the human creative force into socially relevant values.

“Culture is a difficult educational system covering all spheres of life of society. Therefore it has variety of its definitions. «Culture is a difficult and multidimensional phenomenon which is not reduced only to ethics of behavior, art or humanitarian knowledge at all. Created by the person and therefore not natural, it includes also the relation to the nature (ecological culture), and the attitude ourselves as to a natural body (physical culture), and the attitude towards ourselves, but as social phenomenon (economic, political, communicative culture) [2].

John Bodley [3] (1994) gives following definitions of culture:


Culture consists of everything on a list of topics, or categories, such as social organization, religion, or economy.


Culture is social heritage, or tradition, that is passed on to future generations.


Culture is shared, learned human behavior, a way of life.


Culture is ideals, values, or rules for living.


Culture is the way humans solve problems of adapting to the environment or living together.




Culture is a complex of ideas, or learned habits, that inhibit impulses and distinguish people from animals.

Culture consists of patterned and interrelated ideas, symbols, or behaviors.

Culture is based on arbitrarily assigned meanings that are shared by a society.

All definitions above are entirely referred to the term of culture which is expressed and produced by communication. What is communication and how does it take place in society?

The term “communicative” doesn’t mean only connection between people, group, etc. but it also means social, verbal and non — verbal interaction. It is obvious that society can’t exist without people and people can’t exist and relate with each other without language. Therefore, language is closely connected with society and has a communicative quality. The word “communication” means general communication, interaction, relation, exchange of information, connection and shows verbal peculiarities through communication of people. There are many types of communication. For instance, verbal communication means to communicate and understand each other with the help of native, speech language, it means connection between people by tongue. Verbal communication is not only interaction of people; it has rather wide range of meaning: exchange social and public information, core relationship between people.

People can communicate not only verbally, sometimes they figure out each other and act through the movement of eyes, mouth, and eyelids without speech language. This kind of communication serve to the relation of people and that is why it is called non — verbal communication.

Communication achieves social cohesion of people preserving their personal characteristics, habits and ways of life. We communicate in a wide range of various contexts with each other, many types of cultural groups or subgroups (intercultural communication), or with large audiences (mass communication) and so on. However, in order to understand communication, we should understand its place in culture.

The relationship between culture and communication is very complicated, because culture is created by communication, it means communication is a basis of human interaction and cultural characteristics such as rituals, traditions, laws, roles, rules customs, etc., which are created and can be shared through communication. By side it seems that people set out culture during the interaction in relationships, organizations, groups, societies, but in reality it is culture which is natural product of social interaction.

It wouldn’t be possible to preserve and keep communication for generation if there weren’t communication. Relatively, culture is existed, shaped, learned and transmitted through communication, and at the same time, communication is also existed, shaped learned and transmitted by culture.

In order to understand the essential meaning of the relationship between communication and culture, it is necessary to know these terms in communication processes. For instance, when a group of people meets, they bring individual behavior, opinion that was gained through the previous experience of communication and through other cultures of which they are, have been or a part.

As the members begin to be involved in communication with the other participants of the group, they get to have a set of gained experiences and ways of ways of their behavior. If those people keep interacting, a set of separate patterns, history, rituals and customs will develop. Some of the cultural characteristics would be evident and noticeable, so that a strange participant of that group would observe, and this new participant can influence that group in large or small ways as they he or she becomes the member of it. Obviously, this reshaped culture forms the communication of its current participants. As a result, communication forms culture, and vise a verse, culture forms communication.

Many researchers (S. N. Glazachev, I.Yu. Kuznetsova, O. G. Rogovaya, etc.) note impossibility of association of the concepts «culture» and “communication» («communicativeness») and enter the term «communicative culture» and consider it as a phenomenon of activity of society and understand it as part of culture of society from the point of view of its ability to provide communication and human relations, and also the relations of the person with the world, with the nature.

The analysis of modern researches on a problem of communicative culture showed that the concept «communicative culture» is often identified with such concepts as: «culture of communication» (I. A. Ilyaeva [4], Smirnova N. M. [5], etc.), «communicative competence» (S. L. Bratchenko [6], G. S. Trofimova [7], etc.). Сommunicative culture is correlative, dynamic and integrative education of layered structure, which is represented as the demand and motivation element as well as reflexive, personalized, practically efficient elements that determines the nature of interaction of the entities based on their realization of humanistic values and senses of interlocutory communication [8].

Thus, developing communicative culture in a foreign as well as native language within the educational process meets the requirements of modern standards of professional education that is referred to the development of an open and communicative personality who is able to work preventing conflicts, creating atmosphere of emotional balance and mutual understanding within a particular group of people. Because communication is the essence of culture, cultures wouldn’t exist and have been developed without communication, and communication wouldn’t have been improved without culture. People need to interact and communicate with each other to survive and it is obvious that this process is possible only with the help of culture. Relatively human life is directly connected with culture in terms of how human beings recognize themselves among others as well as the way they communicate verbally or non — verbally. Therefore, culture provides the language bases for the construction of communication within various members of society.

The relationship between language and culture is very close that people can’t live without any of them as communication and culture are two things that can't be separated, they need each other.


  1. Послание Президента Республики Казахстан Н. А. Назарбаева народу Казахстана «Новое десятилетие — новый экономический подъем — новые возможности Казахстана» 29 января 2010 г.
  2. Селиверстов В. В. Гуманистические доминанты личности в культуре. Автореф. дисс….канд. философ. наук, Самара., — 1995. — 18с.
  3. Сидоренко, Е. В. Тренинг коммуникативной компетентности в деловом взаимодействии [Текст] / Е. В. Сидоренко. — СПб.: Речь, 2003. — 208 с.
  4. Ильяева И. А. Общение как феномен культуры / автореф. дис…доктора филос. наук Воронеж. Издательствово Воронеж. ун-та. 1989. http://dlib.rsl.ru/viewer/01000291802#?page=1
  5. Смирнова Н. М. Педагогические условия повышения уровня культуры общения в студенческой среде. Автореф. дисс… канд. пед. наук. Н.Новгород. 2007. — 24с.
  6. Братченко С. Л. Диагностика личностно-развивающего потенциала: метод. пособие для школьных психологов / С. Л. Братченко. — Псков: Изд-во Псковского ИПК работников образования, 1997. — 68с.
  7. Трофимова Г. С. Педагогическая коммуникативная компетентность: теоретический и прикладные аспекты: монография. — Ижевск: УдГУ, 2012. — 116с.
  8. Mutanova D.Yu., Berkimbayev K. M., Yessenkulova A. O., Amanov A. A. «Communicative culture, communicative competence and professional competence as a component of future teachers in language learning environment» 7th International Conference «Recent trend in Science and Technology management» by SCIEURO in London, 23–29 January 2017, р.119.
Основные термины (генерируются автоматически): culture, communication, higher educational institutions, communicative culture, verbal communication, educational process, people, communication forms culture, culture forms communication, material culture, social communication, allocates human society, term culture, higher educational establishments, training future teachers, communication studies, Pedagogical culture, human creative force, culture borders, physical culture.

Ключевые слова

культура, связь, взаимодействие, Вербальное и невербальное общение, Человеческая и социальная коммуникация, коммуникабельность, Коммуникативная культура, Высшие учебные заведения


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