Библиографическое описание:

Чагин А. Е., Куимова М. В. About competitiveness of universities and its benefits // Молодой ученый. — 2015. — №11. — С. 1021-1023.

It is considered that the quality and competitiveness of university alumni depends on material, technical, scientific and methodical background of the university. It takes a long time for a university to get the status of competitiveness. If this happens, the university can use this status as a kind of guarantee and attraction for future applicants for quite a long time.

There are certain factors that advance the university and help it to become and remain competitive:

-        openness to international experience;

-        investments from a wide range of sources (public, private and charitable);

-        obtaining of international accreditation of educational programs;

-        widen the range of joint programs;

-        pursuit of long-term results;

-        hiring, promoting and rewarding of highly trained professionals;

-        purposefulness of each university employee to act in accordance with the goals of the university management;

-        quality of educational training and upgrade of program contents;

-        extensive, comprehensive learning environment;

-        interaction with international student recruiting agencies;

-        increase the role of research and project work in the learning process;

-        support student mobility and exchange;

-        presence of abundant of equipment and resources;

-        flexible management administration;

-        proximity of the university to the future employers of its alumni [1, 2, 6, 7].

In the global educational market, the status of a competitive university has a number of benefits as the university:

-        attracts international and local business;

-        provides world-leading teaching and research;

-        develops faculty and scholar mobility;

-        has resources to invest in academic research;

-        attracts the very best students from home and overseas;

-        provides improved infrastructure for learning and teaching;

-        provides student support services (grants, etc) [4, 5, 8].

The status of a competitive university implies being in one of the global university ranking. The world’s largest university rankings are:

-        Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), also referred to as “Shanghai Ranking”;

-        QS World University Rankings;

-        Times Higher Education World University Rankings.

Government and business support the universities included in the list of top 500 that turns the university into a powerful innovative centre, gives possibilities to:

-        increase the number of foreign teachers;

-        expand the range of educational programs;

-        attract talented students;

-        support research;

-        improve university campus [3].

Thus, university competitiveness boosts the local economies, furthers the attraction of brightest minds from around the world and the best students with the highest exam scores, makes a key contribution to the cultural, intellectual and economic growth of the country.

 

References:

 

1.       Куимова М. В. К проблеме формирования профессиональной мобильности студентов технического вуза // В мире научных открытий. 2013. № 11.8 (47). С. 348–351.

2.       Пальчевская Е. С., Куимова М. В. Academic exchange programs as a step to the globalization of education // Молодой ученый. 2015. № 5 (85). С. 516–518.

3.       Avralev N. V., Efimova I. N. University rankings as a tool to enhance competitiveness, clustering and transnational governance of higher education in the context of globalization // Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 2013. № 16 (3). Pp. 357–361.

4.       Enterprise development and global competitiveness through the development of higher education. http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Pekka_Kess/publication/264822314_Enterprise_development_and_global_competitiveness_through_the_development_of_higher_education/links/54ea11ed0cf27a6de1135014.pdf (accessed May 22, 2015).

5.       Innovation, universities, and the competitiveness of the region http://www.tekes.fi/globalassets/julkaisut/universities.pdf (accessed May 22, 2015).

6.       Kuimova M. V. The Importance of independent students works in the process of getting higher education in technical university // Международный журнал прикладных и фундаментальных исследований. 2010. № 4. С. 56–58.

7.       ROADMAP for Implementing the Global Competitiveness Programme of the National Research University “Higher School of Economics” in 2013–2020. http://strategy.hse.ru/en/summary (accessed May 22, 2015).

8.       Staying on top: The challenge of sustaining world-class higher education in the UK. http://www.russellgroup.ac.uk/uploads/Staying-on-Top-The-challenge-of-sustaining-world-class-higher-education-in-the-UK.pdf (accessed May 22, 2015).

Основные термины (генерируются автоматически): university rankings, World University Rankings, Куимова М. В., higher education, Education World University, QS World University, global university ranking, largest university rankings, National Research University, Global Competitiveness Programme, competitive university, N. University rankings, long time, university competitiveness, support student mobility, educational programs, global educational market, highly trained professionals, best students, student support services.

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