Библиографическое описание:

Дементьева М. В., Тин-Тин Е. (. К вопросу о стратегическом исследовании экологически устойчивого развития экономики на основе освоения морских ресурсов // Молодой ученый. — 2016. — №10.5. — С. 28-30.



С развитием науки и технологии Китая все большее значение приобретает экологически устойчивое развитие экономики, связанной с освоением морских ресурсов. В данной статье рассматривается настоящее положение дел в данной области, ставятся проблемы загрязнения окружающей среды и предлагаются пути их решения.

Ключевые слова: экологически устойчивое развитие; экономика; морские ресурсы; КНР; РФ; стратегия.

With the expanding of marine science and technology of China, marine economy has become an important part of the national economy. However, the sustainability of the marine resources is under unprecedented challenges although the development and utilization of the marine resource can be used to promote the national economy to a certain degree. In view of the situation and existing problems, this paper puts forward some suggestions and solutions.

Keywords: sustainable development; marine resources; China; Russia; strategy.

Introduction

Sustainable development being a new development concept and strategy, which can change confrontation between human and nature into a harmonious relationship. It requires the development of social and economic issues and must be coordinated with the utilization of resources and environmental protection [1]. Based on meeting the needs of modern people. The idea of sustainable development is in line with the economic, social and ecological system. Meanwhile, it has a revolutionary progress in the history of human development.

This study was carried out to employ practical recommendations for the rational utilization of natural resources based on the criterion of social and personal stability [2]. In China’s and Russia’s national history, ocean strategy plays a very important and unique role.

Findings

This part mainly introduces three contradictions, which are some primary issues in this present situation.

- The scarcity of marine resources. Catastrophic pollution of water, air, soil and depletion of mineral deposits shows the limit of natural marine resources [3]. Take Russia’s fishery resources for example, as we can see from following chart, Russia’s fishing production volume has been growing rapidly in recent years. In addition, policy and capital are the most important factors that affect the development of Russian fisheries [4].

Fig. 1. Fishing Capacity/Million Tons

-The inflexible management system, including stereotypes of administration and deficient economic indicators led to huge economic contraction. In addition, formal management practices resulted in low efficiency of production, a drop in living standards and its significant differentiation across regions [5].

-The conflicts between environmental protection and economic development. On the one hand, rational person always pursue the maximum benefit even regardless of the expense of the environment [6]. On the other hand, it is impossible to ignore the threat for mankind’s health and normal life.

Discussion

It is necessary strengthen the ocean consciousness and establish the development goals of marine resources, to carry out ocean campaign and build a universal marine national condition education environment. Reasonable development and utilization of marine resources are beneficial to improving the availability and protection of the marine environment [7]. Meanwhile, more attention should be paid to the increase of investment into marine science and technology.

Government and related departments ought to formulate effective plan and strategy of marine sustainable development [8]. Especially, this plan needs to be combined with national conditions as well as implemented stage by stage.

Besides, the government investment in environmental pollution control is also a very important aspect. For instance, as we can see from the following table, from 2005-2014, Chinese government poured the money into the control of environmental pollution more and more every year, but the growth rate is slow. In fact, for a long term, Chinese environment protection investment of GDP is always less than 2%. To realize the goal of environmental protection in China, in the case of maintaining rapid economic growth, the key is to ensure environmental protection put in place. Over the past 10 years of environmental protection effectively restrained the pollution of the environment rapidly. For the next 10 years, if the control of environmental pollution, will be improved environmental quality, environmental protection investment as a share of GDP should be raised to 2% - 3%, and strive to reach 3%. Industrial pollution control investment accounted for the proportion of investment in fixed assets should increase to 5% to 6% [9].

Table 1

Investment of Environmental Pollution Control in China, 2005-2014, millions RMB

Indicators

2014

2013

2012

2011

2010

2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

Total

9576

9037

8253

7114

7612

5258

4937

3387

2566

2388

Urban Environmental Infrastructure Construction

5464

5223

5063

4557

5182

3245

2248

1468

1315

1290

Urban Gas

574

608

552

444

358

219

199

160

155

142

Urban Central Heating Construction

760

819

798

593

557

442

328

230

224

220

Urban Drainage Construction

1196

1055

934

972

1173

1036

637

410

332

368

Urban Landscape Contruction

2339

2235

2380

1992

2671

1138

824

526

429

411

Urban Environmental Sanitation

592

506

399

556

424

411

259

142

176

148

Industrial Pollution Source Management

9976511

8676647

5004573

4443610

3969768

4426207

5426404

5523909

4839485

4581909

Three-simultaneity

0

3426

2690

2112

2033

1571

2147

1367

767

640

Source: Chinese National Statistics Bureau

Conclusion

Marine resources are indispensable for the marine economy. Nevertheless, people always ignore the importance of environment and natural resources in order to get economic profits. Implementation of the sustainable development of the marine economy is the ultimate goal of the development of the marine economy [10]. The limitation of marine resources and the inclusion of the marine environment require that every country should make a reasonable strategy of marine sustainable development.

Reference:

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  9. Wang, F. Study on the Indicator System and Appraisal for Sustainable Development of Resource – based City / F. Wang. – Daqing Petroleum Institute, 2006.
  10. Munro, D.A. Caring for the earth: a strategy for sustainable living / D.A. Munro, M.W. Holdgate // International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. – 1991.

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